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The Correlation between Anthropometric Measurements and Blood Sugar Levels in Post Menopause Women

Conference: International Conference Pharmacy on Research and Practice

ABSTRACT One of risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus is excessive weight either overweight or obese. The incidence of obesity in postmenopausal women tends to increase due to the lack of activity, diet increases and the effect of decreased estrogen. Menopausal women has experience to change in body composition with the accumulation of fat in the thighs, hips, abdomen and buttocks so that the change in insulin sensitivity. Body composition changes will determine the measurement of anthropometric in postmenopausal women. We have done research by cross sectional on the correlation between anthropometric measurment and blood sugar levels in 40 postmenopausal women in the village of Umberharjo, Prambanan Sleman District. Anthropometric measurements were waist circumference, hip circumference and ratio waist circumference with hip circumference. Blood sugar tests were done during fasting and 2 hours after a meal by enzymatic methods. Analysis have done by correlation test using SPSS 19.00 version. The results showed that based on BMI criteria there are 5% overweight and 22.5% obese. Analysis by correlation test have been obtained values of correlation (r) 0.357 (P <0.05) for blood glucose 2 hours after a meal with abdominal circumference. There are correlation between blood sugar 2 hours after a meal with the hip circumference r = 0.43 (P <0.05), and also blood glucose 2 hours after a meal correlated with a BMI r = 0.54 (P <0.05). This result showed that there are a relationship between blood glucose 2 hours after a meal with abdominal circumference, hip circumference, and BMI, and no association between glucose levels with the ratio waist-hips circumferentia.